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OSHA Forklift Operator Safety Training

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT, SUBPART N, SECTION 1910.178, POWERED INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS

Click here to visit OSHA 1910.178 online.

(i)Operator Training.

(1)SAFE OPERATION.

(2) TRAINING PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION.

Trainees may operate a powered industrial truck only:

Training shall consist of a combination of formal instruction (e.g., lecture, discussion, interactive computer learning, video tape, written material), practical training (demonstrations performed by the trainer and practical exercises performed by the trainee), and evaluation of the operator's performance in the workplace.

All operator training and evaluation shall be conducted by persons who have the knowledge, training, and experience to train powered industrial truck operators and evaluate their competence.

(3) TRAINING PROGRAM CONTENT.

Powered industrial truck operators shall receive initial training in the following topics, except in topics which the employer can demonstrate are not applicable to safe operation of the truck in the employer's workplace.

(i) Truck-related topics:

(ii) Workplace-related topics:

(iii) The requirements of this section:

(4) REFRESHER TRAINING AND EVALUATION.

(i) Refresher training, including an evaluation of the effectiveness of that training, shall be conducted as required by paragraph (1)(4)(ii) to ensure that the operator has the knowledge and skills needed to operate the powered industrial truck safely.

(ii) Refresher training in relevant topics shall be provided to the operator when:

(iii) An evaluation of each powered industrial truck operator's performance shall be conducted at least once every three years.

(5) AVOIDANCE OF DUPLICATIVE TRAINING.

If an operator has previously received training in a topic specified in paragraph (1)(3) of this section, and such training is appropriate to the truck and working conditions encountered, additional training in that topic is not required if the operator has been evaluated and found competent to operate the truck safely.

(6) CERTIFICATION.

The employer shall certify that each operator has been trained and evaluated as required by this paragraph (1). The certification shall include the name of the operator, the date of the training, the date of the evaluation, and the identity of the person(s) performing the training or evaluation.

(7) DATES.

The employer shall ensure that operators of powered industrial trucks are trained, as appropriate, by the dates shown in the following table: